What is the Caryophyllene?

Dear friend of terpenes, in this post you will find out an overview on what Caryophyllene is, what its properties are and where it is found, so that you can get a clear idea of this component.

What is the Caryophyllene?

Caryophyllene or β-Caryophyllene is an organic compound classified mainly as sesquiterpene bicyclic.

This terpene is one of the main components of the essential oils of many different cannabis plants and other plants, flowers and fruits such as pepper, clove, thyme, oregano, lop, etc.

Caryophyllene consists of a mix of three compounds, which may vary in their proportions:

  • Alpha-caryophyllene (Humulene) found in high proportions in plants or fruits such as lop.
  • Beta-caryophyllene, found in high proportions in the essential oil present in black pepper.
  • Oxide of Caryophyllene, present in high proportions in plants such as eucalyptus, this is precisely the compound that police dogs detect when they find cannabis.

Its vaping temperature is around 199 degrees Celsius, being one of the least volatile terpenes.

Remember that Cali Terpenes profiles (cannabis aromas) contain around 40 different terpenes and sesquiterpenes per variety.

Caryophyllene plays a very important role in the terpenes profiles because it is present in all varieties of cannabis.

Lemon Cookies terpenes
Lemon Cookies is an strain with high concentration of Caryophyllene, Limonene and Myrcene.

What are the properties of Caryophyllene?

Caryophyllene possesses numerous properties, for both plants themselves and for people.

In plants, it acts as antifungal and natural insecticide, to keep the plant free of pathogenic elements.
It can also have properties on mammals:

  • Anti-inflammatory: caryophyllene, like other terpenes such as myrcene or pinene, has anti-inflammatory properties because it interferes in the channel of signposting of prostaglandins, which act as cellular mediators in several fields.

In addition, it acts as agonist of the cannabinoid B2 recipient which human beings have, being the first known so far, no cannabinoid compound that imitates the action of cannabinoids.

  • Analgesic: there is research which claim that beta-caryophyllene has analgesic properties, applied in cases of dermatitis.
  • Antifungal: caryophyllene has proved in numerous researches and essays a high efficiency in cases of fungal infections.

Moreover, it has other interesting properties for example as an anticoagulant or protecting the cellular system of the digestive system.

Several researches also show the power of beta-caryophyllene to try to relieve periods of anxiety or depression.

Varieties with a high percentage of terpenes:

Caryophyllene is in most of varieties of cannabis, in higher or lower concentration.

It tends to be high the presence of other types of terpenes with Caryophyllene, for instance limonene, myrcene or pinene, which determine the effect of these varieties.

Grapefruit OG terpenes
Grapefruit OG has high content of Caryophyllene

5 examples of varieties with high percentage of Caryophyllene:

Gorilla Glue: It’s one of the cannabis varieties with the highest concentration of Caryophyllene and terpenes in general ever seen.

Her genetics comes from a cross between Sour Dubb x Chem D x Chocolate Diesel and it has an intense flavor and aroma.

OG Kush: This famous cannabis variety, known for her powerful effect, is a cross between Lemon Thai x Pakistan x Chemdawg.

It has an intense , fruity, citric and spicy aroma and flavour. It has a high concentration of Caryophyllene, Limonene and Mircene.

Lemon Cookies: This exotic cannabis strain is a cross between the famous Lemon Haze and Girl Scout Cookies.

It has an intense aroma and flavor for her high concentration, specially, of Caryophyllene and d-Limonene.

Grapefruit OG: This cannabis strain is cross Grapefruit x BC Kush has an intoxicating aroma where the Caryophyllene and Terpinolene stand out above the rest.

Gelato: This variety of cannabis arises from the crossing of Sunset Sherbet x Thin Mint Girl Scout Cookies.

It has a pleasant and creamy aroma and flavor, in her composition highlights a high content of Caryophyllene and d-Limonene.

Caryophyllene terpene
Most of cannabis strains have Caryophyllene.

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